Online seminar – A tale of two networks: Common ownership and product market rivalry
Bruno Pellegrino, University of Maryland’s Smith School of Business
We study the welfare implications of the rise of common ownership in the United States from 1994 to 2018. We build a general equilibrium model with a hedonic demand system in which firms compete in a network game of oligopoly. Firms are connected through two large networks: the first reflects ownership overlap, the second product market rivalry. In our model, common ownership of competing firms induces unilateral incentives to soften competition. The magnitude of the common ownership effect depends on how much the two networks overlap. We estimate our model for the universe of US public corporations using a combination of firm financials, investor holdings, and text based product similarity data. We perform counterfactual calculations to evaluate how the efficiency and the distributional impact of common ownership have evolved over time. According to our baseline estimates the welfare cost of common ownership, measured as the ratio of deadweight loss to total surplus, has increased nearly tenfold (from 0.3% to over 4%) between 1994 and 2018. Under alternative assumptions about governance, the deadweight loss ranges between 1.9% and 4.4% of total surplus in 2018. The rise of common ownership has also resulted in a significant reallocation of surplus from consumers to producers.
Bruno Pellegrino is an Assistant Professor of Finance at University of Maryland’s Smith School of Business. He did his undergraduate studies in Bocconi and then he continued with an MSc from the London School of Economics. He received his PhD from the UCLA. His research is in (International) Finance and Macroeconomics, with secondary interests in Industrial Organisation and Networks Theory.
To join the seminar, register and join the Zoom meeting and enter the meeting ID.
Meeting ID: 880 9681 5173
The webinar may be recorded and shared on Cambridge Judge Business School’s websites, social media and other channels.
2 March 2022
Start Time: 15:00
End Time: 16:00