Bill Martin’s early career was spent in the Government Economic Service, where he advised on macroeconomic and industrial policies. In 1981, he became a Special Adviser in the Central Policy Review Staff, better known as Whitehall’s Cabinet Office ‘Think Tank’. Between 1983 and 1998, he held various senior roles, including that of Chief UK Economist, at the investment-banking arm of the Swiss bank UBS (formerly Phillips & Drew). Between 1986 and 1997, he also acted as a Specialist Adviser to the House of Commons Treasury Committee. He was appointed Chief Economist of the fund management arm of UBS in 1998 and held the position of Visiting Professor of London Guildhall University until 2003. Since leaving UBS in 2004, he has worked on a variety of projects, including academic papers on macroeconomic theory and official statistics. He was a member of the Financial Conduct Authority’s Financial Services Consumer Panel between 2009 and 2015 and continues to advise the Economic Policy Committee of Make UK, the Manufacturers’ Organisation.