Create a WTO-equivalent to oversee the internet, recommends major new report by panel chaired by Professor Peter Williamson of Cambridge Judge Business School.
The internet needs an international WTO-style body to protect and grow it as one of the world’s unique shared resources: a communications infrastructure that is open, free, safe and reliable, concludes a new report published on 12 February.
The findings, which have been published by the China-UK Global Issues Dialogue Centre at Jesus College Cambridge, draw on a conference attended by international experts including former Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd and representatives from Google, Facebook, Huawei, Alibaba, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the ITU, and OECD.
The global communications system – including
the internet, smartphone access, and the Internet of Things – allows near-universal
communication and supports almost every aspect of the modern economy. The
report argues that just as the capabilities of communications infrastructures
are being amplified by artificial intelligence (AI) and other technologies, we
are becoming more aware of the risks of direct attacks and splintering, and the
threat of distrust.
“The world faces a series of complex issues involving data and communications which go beyond national or bilateral deals. They potentially threaten free and open trade, easy and reliable communication, data flows and connectivity,” said Professor Peter Williamson, Chair of the China-UK Global Issues Dialogue Centre, Honorary Professor of International Management at Cambridge Judge, and Fellow and Director of Studies in Management at Jesus College.
Conference attendees widely agreed that the
world would beneﬁt from better orchestrating knowledge about communications
infrastructures, providing a shared picture of issues, threats and
opportunities, based on deep technical expertise. One of the most important
recommendations in this report is that the first step in creating a WTO-equivalent
for data flows would be to set up a Global Communications Observatory (GCO).
The GCO could play an important role in uncovering potential risks of new data
and communications technologies, such as loss of privacy or opportunities for
data tampering, and proposing solutions.
“We need a global institution comparable
to those in climate change, finance, health, development or refugees. At the
moment, there is no obvious place for multilateral negotiations over issues
such as data privacy or cybersecurity,” added Professor Williamson.
“We propose using the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as a model, as that has hugely influenced
intergovernmental processes of negotiation and action around climate change.”
Creating the GCO would require support from the
main telecommunications companies, mobile providers and platforms, sharing
relevant data on network performance and patterns. It could in time become a
condition of public licenses, and use of spectrum, that they share key data on
the state of networks. It would be likely to need joint funding by the main
nations involved in global communications, with contributions from the main
businesses (operators, platforms and manufacturers), so that it could oﬀer a
living picture of the state and prospects of the infrastructures on which we
Designed to be as high profile and accountable
as the IPCC, the GCO would draw on existing processes and use techniques
pioneered by the IPCC for large-scale expert participation in analysis and assessments.
It would deliver regular reports on key trends and emergent issues, and present
accessible visualisations of the state of communications networks. In time, it
could gain a formal status and a duty to report into the G20 and G7.