Comparative Study of Knowledge Exchange in the United States and the United Kingdom (CBR project)


Aims and objectives

This initial scoping study will address the following key research questions:

  • How can we best characterise the US and UK innovation knowledge exchange eco-systems and identify the most useful areas and metrics on which to focus in deriving insights which will be relevant and useful for the UK.
  • How, and to what extent, are knowledge exchange type activities and performance captured, monitored and assessed in the United States? What is the balance between input, output and impact measures
  • At the university level (focus on key research universities)
  • At the state level / university system level (focus on key states where universities play a strong role in economic development plans, and on states with large university systems e.g. Texas, California, North Carolina, Ohio, New York)
  • At the national level (focus on key university funders such as the NSF, NIH, as well as national bodies such as AUTM and APLU)
  • How, and to what extent, are universities subject to internal or external impact assessments and along which dimensions is impact measured ( eg commercialization or broader economic development?
  • What is the relative balance between different types of KE activities? And what is the balance between economic and social metrics? What is the justification for the balance?
  • What types of methods are used to capture, monitor and measure performance and impacts in the United States by universities NSF and Federal agencies concerned with HE research funding?
  • Who has the responsibility for performance measurement / impact measurement (a) at the University level; (b) at the State level; and (c) at the national level?

Project leader

  • Alan Hughes