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Shi Tang

Shi Tang

PhD Candidate

BSc (Tsinghua University), MPhil (University of Cambridge)

Research topic

Time Will Tell: The Impact of Upper Echelons' Psychological Perspective of Time on Firm Strategy

Shi's research takes a psychological approach to understand how characteristics of CEOs and top management teams (TMTs) affect firm strategies. In particular, Shi is interested in how CEOs and TMTs differ in their subjective experiences of time, and in turn, how these differences influence their strategic decision-making. In another line of her research, Shi studies issues associated with gender diversity in senior leadership teams. For instance, she seeks to understand the strategic advantages of having a greater gender balance in TMTs. Shi also examines how the interplay of political and cultural factors affects gender composition on corporate boards. Overall, her research aims to open the "black box" of the psychological mechanisms underlying these effects.

Shi conducts research in the context of new ventures as well as small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in both UK and China. She has investigated innovation strategies in high-tech industries.


Shi is a PhD candidate at Cambridge Judge Business School and a Benavitch Scholar at St Catharine's College. Shi holds an MPhil degree in Innovation, Strategy & Organisation from the University of Cambridge, and a BSc in Biological Science from Tsinghua University.

Prior to pursuing her PhD, Shi worked as research assistant in the field of social psychology at UC Berkeley in the US, Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, and Tsinghua University in China.

Research interests

CEO psychological perspective of time; TMT diversity and process; gender in upper echelons; innovation and entrepreneurship; organisational ambidexterity.

Shi Tang is a member of the Strategy & International Business subject group.

Publications & papers

Journal articles

Tang, S., Richter, A.W. and Nadkarni, S. (2020) "Subjective time in organizations: conceptual clarification, integration, and implications for future research." Journal of Organizational Behavior, 41(2): 210-234 (DOI: 10.1002/job.2421)

Selected conference presentations

Tang, S. and Richter, A.W. (2017) "Temporal adaptability: adapt to interruptions at different stages of individual innovation process." In: Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, 4-8 August 2017, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Tang S., Nadkarni S., Wei L.Q. and Zhang S. (2018) "Balancing the yin and yang: TMT gender diversity, psychological safety and firm ambidexterity." In: SMS Annual Conference, 22-25 September 2018, Paris, France.

Tang, S. (2017) "Looking back and looking forward: the influence of new venture team temporal depth diversity on venture performance." In: IE Business School Doctoral Consortium, 19 May 2017, Madrid, Spain.

Tang S., Nadkarni S., Wei L.Q. and Zhang S. (2019) "Balancing the yin and yang: TMT gender diversity, psychological safety and firm strategic orientation in Chinese high-tech SMEs." In: Trans-Atlantic Doctoral Conference, 16-18 May 2019, London, UK.

The ‘business case’ for gender diversity

Gender diversity in top management teams can boost ‘psychological safety’ and help firms innovate, finds new study of Chinese hi-tech firms co-authored …

Read more

Contact details

Shi Tang
Cambridge Judge Business School
University of Cambridge
Trumpington Street
Cambridge CB2 1AG

Year of entry